Before you build anything on your property such as a fence, shed, or pool, it's a good idea to have a land survey done. This guarantees that your new addition won't encroach on someone's land or on an easement, and it will save you from the cost of having to move your building, fence, or pool. Here's a look at how a land survey is done.
Old Records Are Studied
Your city probably has a record of your property on file with the boundaries marked from when the property was first established or last sold. While you can obtain copies of these records yourself, they are often not easy to understand since they use symbols understood by surveyors. The land surveyor you hire studies these old records and uses them as a guide for establishing your new boundary lines.
Your property record is then updated to include the new survey. While boundary lines shouldn't change if your property has stayed the same over the years, the records also indicate the position of buildings, fences, wells, and septic tanks that might change over the course of time and cause confusion when it comes to locating boundary lines.
Measurements Are Made
A land surveyor has different types of equipment for determining boundary lines. One that's commonly used for residential surveys is a GPS system that pinpoints your boundary line down to the exact inch. There are many types of surveys that can be done on residential and commercial properties.
If you're developing land, you may want a more intensive survey that requires more testing and more detailed results. However, for something like determining lines on your existing property, a simple boundary survey with GPS equipment is probably all you need.
Property Corners Are Marked
You may still have markers on your land from the last survey, but if you've owned the property for many years, the markers might be hidden in the soil, covered by growth, or completely missing. The surveyor marks each corner with a concrete marker, iron rod, or some other permanent means. He or she may also use paint, string, or flags as temporary markings to establish easement areas and to outline the property boundary.
This information guides you when building on your property and it also determines if a neighbor has a fence or building on your land. Knowing the exact location of your property lines helps you avoid legal problems with your neighbors and it can keep you out of trouble with the city for building on an easement area.
Contact a company like Bush Roed & Hitchings Inc for more information.