Summer is a great time to invest in and plant young trees on your property. If you want the trees to thrive, you need to make sure that you take proper care of them. Here are a few things that you need to do to ensure that your young trees thrive.
#1 Dig The Hole Correctly
The first thing that you need to do is make sure that you dig the hole correctly. Generally, the hole should be twice as deep and twice as wide as the base of the tree. It's not that the tree can't fit in a smaller hole; it's that this allows you to break up the dirt around the tree, add in good potting soil and fertilizer, and surround the tree roots with nice, soft, fertilizer rich soil that will help it to grow. Don't skimp out and dig a smaller hole; your tree may have a harder time surviving. Dig the size of hole that is recommended if you want your tree to thrive.
#2 Cover Up Your Tree
You should cover up the base of your tree. You don't want the base of the tree to be exposed. You should lay down mulch a couple of inches thick around the tree, leaving a few inches of breathing space around the trunk. The mulch should extend as far out as the perimeter of the hole that you dug for the tree.
The mulch will help keep the soil around your tree moist. It will also protect the tree's roots from damage from pests, disease and other things that can harm the trees roots. In the winter, that mulch will help keep the tree's roots well insulated and will help ensure that your young tree makes it through wintertime.
#3 Provide Plenty Of Water
When a tree is young, you should provide it with plenty of water to help it grow and thrive. When you water the tree, water it with a low and long drip that will last a while. This will ensure that the water soaks down to the trees roots and deep into the soil. It will teach your tree to grow deep roots that will help sustain it over time. Water every few days in the summer and in the fall when it doesn't naturally ran, allow the tree to fend for itself during winter unless your area is experiencing a drought, and resume watering it in the spring. Extra water in the first few years of your young tree's life will help it grow and thrive.
#4 Prune It
Finally, you should prune your tree. Most trees should be pruned when they are dormant, in the winter time. Contact a professional tree service, such as Schulhoff Tree & Lawn Care, Inc., to prune your tree for you; they will know which branches to cut to promote growth, and can show you how to properly prune your tree for the future.