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How To Refinish A Parquet Floor

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If you have a faded parquet wood floor, or if it no longer blends with your decor, you don't have to replace the whole floor. Parquet flooring is made of pieces of wood laid in various patterns, which makes it a challenge to refinish. It still is possible for a beginning DIY enthusiast to refinish parquet floors. Here are some tips to refinish a parquet floor.

Prepare to Work

For this project, you need: 

  • work gloves
  • dust mask
  • exhaust fans
  • plastic covers
  • broom
  • mops
  • mop buckets with wringer
  • liquid detergent
  • 80-grit, 100-grit, and 120-grit sandpaper
  • orbital floor sander and hand sander
  • bristle brush
  • stain
  • polyurethane sealer

Open the window, or run exhaust fans to help release fumes. Spread plastic over areas you don't want touched by stain. Hang plastic over the doorways to keep the dust and fumes from the stain from spreading.

Sand the Floor

Sweep the floor, then mop it with detergent to dissolve wax, and let the floor dry. Dirt may cause scratches during sanding. Use a sander that comes with dust bags to catch dust, if possible.

Avoid using sandpaper lower than 80-grit to prevent scratches. Sand in small areas.

Start sanding the floor with 80-grit sandpaper and the orbital sander, following the wood grain. Switch to a hand-held sander in places the orbital sander can't reach.

Repeat the process with the 100-grit and 120-grit sandpaper until the finish has been removed. After you finish sanding, look for shadows, or bumpy areas, with a flashlight, and sand them down. Mop the floor, and go over it with a vacuum to ensure sand particles are removed.

Apply the Stain

Work out a path to exit the room so you aren't walking on stain. Fill one bucket with clean water, and the other bucket with the stain. Dip a fresh mop in the clean water, and wring it out.

Dip the mop in the stain, wring it out, and start applying the stain in one corner of the room.  Apply the stain in small sections of several feet, working in a figure-eight pattern; overlapping each application. Let the stain dry for about half an hour.

Add a second coat of stain, if desired, but only apply it to within several inches of the baseboard. The area near the baseboard isn't usually walked on, and it may make the stain may look uneven.. Brush on polyurethane sealer with the brush, working in the direction of the grain, and let it dry.

Your parquet floor will stand out with a new stain. If you don't trust your skill, or if you think it's time for a replacement floor, contact a floor refinishing service.